"Adoration of the Magi, Albrecht Durer, one thousand 500 four
Description of the picture:
Adoration of the Magi – Albrecht Durer. 1504. Oil on wood. 99×113.5
The artist of the German Renaissance Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) commissioned this painting by the elector of Saxony Friedrich the Wise for the chapel of his own castle in Wittenberg. Dürer then only returned from his first trip to Italy, because the features of Northern European painting – a detailed depiction of details, colorful, gaping colors – are side by side with the influence of Italian painting, which resulted in a promising construction of the composition. In addition, the ruins of ancient buildings that create complex spatial plans are visible in the picture, which was again typical of Italian painting.
“Adoration of the Magi” recalls the unfinished canvas of Leonardo da Vinci on a similar plot, also stored in the Uffizi. But the Venetians – Andrea Mantegna with his addiction to the variety of stone in the paintings and Giovanni Bellini with his bright and clear painting had a specific impact on Dürer. But the characters of Dürer are written with the degree of psychologism that was especially characteristic of him.
The painter introduced touching moments into the scene of worship: Baby Christ opens the casket where the gold brought to him by one of the magi lies, with the curiosity with which all the children are drawn to the unknown, and the old magician looks at this baby with a stern and inspired look, slightly bowing his head to the side . Like many artists of the Northern Renaissance, Dürer does not depart from the detail that the magi came to Christ from different parts of the world, which means that in their midst there could be a black man.
Despite the richness of detail, the picture is full of exalted spirit, soft and at the same time festive mood, which was characteristic of the painting of this German master."